Organic legumes and spikes - BTU-Center growing practice


June 16, BTU-Center, a Ukrainian producer of biopreparations and bio-fertilizers, during the Organic Field Day, which took place on the basis of the Experimental Farm "Skvirske" IAEM NAAS (Kyiv region), demonstrated programs for the cultivation of organic spikes (spring and winter wheat) and legumes (peas and soy).

Dmitry Gray

In unity there is strength

BTU-Center bio-preparations, which enter the market under Zhyva Zemlya brand are already quite well-known in Ukraine. Often, they are used by agricultural producers who practice an integrated system of agriculture (in combination with chemical preparations - ed.), When it is necessary to withdraw plants from stress, to return the useful elements from a large number of plant residues to the soil, etc. In these and similar conditions, bio-preparations work, but it is clear that their action is best seen through the organic technology of cultivating agricultural crops.

For efficient production of a certain organic culture, BTU-Center experts offer complex solutions, in which complementary bio-preparations create a favorable environment for the development of plants, give them a strong immunity, and then at the right time provide additional protection and Power during the entire vegetation. In addition, bio-preparations have a positive effect on the following cultures. For example, the distribution of mycorrhizal fungi, which operate in symbiosis with agricultural crops: the plant provides carbohydrates, carbon dioxide, and, if necessary, oxygen, and give it water, macro, microelements and protection against pathogens.

The visitors of the Organic Field Day evaluated the preliminary results (final conclusions will be drawn after harvesting) of BTU-Center programs application for wheat, soybean, winter and spring wheat. It is worth noting that during the event BTU-Center demonstrated the maximum programs, which were created for the most difficult conditions of growing organic crops. In practice, the company's experts provide an individual solution to the farm, in accordance with soil conditions, the presence of plant stress, the degree of seed infection with seed pathogen, and so on.

So what are BTU-Center programs, and what are the cultures grown by them?

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Peas

Today, many producers have came across a sharp decline in wheat yields due to one factor - the lack of proper precursors. The best is peas, which itself leaves in the ground 60 kg N in AI, is in demand in the market and has an attractive price. Therefore, it is not surprising that this culture was especially appreciated by the event visitors.

"Unfavourable weather conditions, especially cold weather, have reduced the potential of crop productivity. But nevertheless, peas are now in good condition, on average it has formed 8-9 pips in a pod. According to preliminary forecasts, the yield in this field should be 20-25 hwt per hectare ", - says Olga Kulinich, BTU-Center agronomist.

Best case scenario for growing peas

Table No. 1. Peas growing program (variety "Starter", Lembke)


Stages

1st, or pre-sowing cultivation

Seed treatment

Vegetation

Browning of beans
(pod adhesion)

After harvesting

Beginning of formation of leaf tendril

Flower-bud formation - bloomimg

Bloomimg bean formimg

Preparations
(type/name /
rate )

biofungicide

MikoHelp

2,0 l/ha

biofungicide

MikoHelp

2,0 l/t

growth stimulator

Organic-
Balance

0,5 l/ha

antimicrobial preparation

PhitoHelp

0,6 l/ha

growth stimulator

Organic-
Balance

0,5 l/ha

bioadhesive Enposam - biological glue2,0 l/ha

1,0 l/ha Ecostern- Stubble decomposer

biofertelizer

Groundfix

7,0 l/ha

growth stimulator

Organic-
Balance

1,0 l/t

bioadhesive

Enposam

0,3
l/ha

growth stimulator

Organic-
Balance

0,5 l/ha

bioinsecticide

Bittoxibacillin-BTU

7,0 l/ha

bioadhesive

Enposam

0,5 l/ha

biofertelizer

Azotofit-r

0,5 l/t

 

biofertelizer

HELPROST
Soy

1,0 l/ha

biofertilizer

HELPROST
Soy

1,0 l/ha

 

biofertelizer

HELPROST-
seed

1,0 l/t

biofertelizer

HELPROST
Bor

0,5 l/ha

bioadhesive

Enposam

0,3
l/ha

bio-inoculant

Risoline-r

2,0 l/t

bioadhesive

Enposam

0,3
l/ha

 

bioadhesive

Enposam

0,5 l/t

 

Total cost = 1000 UAH/ha

The application of biopreparations in BTU-Center integrated solutions is divided into 4 stages: during the soil cultivation, seed treatment, vegetation, and on postharvesting residues.

The task of biopreparations, which are introduced at the first stage of the program, is to create a sedimentary environment favorable for the growth and development of culture. The first here is the bio-fertilizer Groundfix, the use of which increases the amount and contributes to the accumulation of soil-friendly forms of plants available to plants. It is acquired due to the synergy of silicate and active strains of potassium and phosphorus-forming microorganisms, natural endophytic and phytophytic and soil nitrogen-fixing bacteria and other microflora, which in the process of life forms biologically active substances: amino acids, vitamins, enzymes, phytohormones etc. In addition, the drug contains bacteria Bacillus subtillus, which have a fungicidal effect.

An equally important component of the 1 st stage is MikoHelp, a biofungicide consisting of the "most aggressive" strains of the Trichoderma saprophytic fungi antagonists, as well as of certain strains of bacteria Bacillus subtilis and Enterococcus at high concentrations, which have a high antagonistic activity against pathogens of bacterial and fungal diseases. Due to this combination, the drug MikoHelp strongly suppresses parasites of the genera Fuzarium, Phytophthora, Pythium, Rhizoctoria, Sclerotinia and Verticillium. However, it includes bacteria Azotobacter, which saturate the soil with biological nitrogen, and Enterobacter, which improve the phosphorus-potash nutrition. According to specialists of "BTU-Center", MikoHelp works like this: on the roots of plants, mycorrhiza is formed - a useful microflora that strengthens the growth of the roots, protects them from pathogens, forms mucus, which keeps moisture available to plants etc.

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Soy

"Due to late sowing, the soybean seedlings are quite roasted," estimates Yevhen Kozhukhar, BTU-Center agronomist. - But the condition of the existing plants is not bad. In particular, in terms of nutrition. Now soybeans are in the phase of the first triple leaf, but on its root system there are already active colonies of rhizobium, which usually just begin to form in this phase."

Best case scenario for growing soy

Table No. 2, Soybean Growth Program (Suzirya Variety, NSC "Institute of Agriculture" NAAS)

Stages

1st, or pre-sowing cultivation

Seed treatment

Vegetation

Browning of beans
(pod adhesion)

After harvesting

2-3 triplex leaves

Branchuing - flower-bud formation

Filling of beans

Preparations
(type/name /
rate )

biofungicide

MikoHelp

2,0 l/ha

biofungicide

MikoHelp

2,0 l/t

growth stimulator

Organic-
Balance

0,5 l/ha

antimicrobial preparation

PhitoHelp

0,6 l/ha

growth stimulator

Organic-
Balance

0,6 l/ha

bioadhesive Enposam - biological glue
2,0 l/ha

1,0 l/ha Ecostern- Stubble decomposer

biofertelizer

Groundfix

7,0 l/ha

growth stimulator

Organic-
Balance

1,0 l/t

bioadhesive

Enposam

0,3
l/ha

growth stimulator

Organic-
Balance

0,5 l/ha

bioinsecticide

Bittoxibacillin-BTU

0,5 l/ha

bioadhesive

Enposam

0,5 l/ha

biofertelizer

Azotofit-r

0,5 l/t

 

biofertelizer

HELPROST
Soy

1,0 l/ha

biofertilizer

HELPROST
Soy

1,0 l/ha

 

biofertelizer

HELPROST-
seed

1,0 l/t

biofertelizer

HELPROST
Bor

0,5 l/ha

bioadhesive

Enposam

0,3
l/ha

bio-inoculant

Risoline-r

2,0 l/t

bioadhesive

Enposam

0,3
l/ha

 

bioadhesive

Enposam

0,5 l/t

 

Total cost = 2100 UAH/ha

The 2nd stage of the BTU-Center program is the bio-preparations for seed treatment, which is the most important, because "... we recommend working them ahead, to preserve the plant at the initial stages of development and to help form strong immunity. Even if illness develops in the future, they can be liquidated with minimal doses of biofungicides, emphasized Yevhen Kozhukhar.

At this stage of the program for legumes Risoline-r  (new bioinoculants) is one of the key preparation: "It combines large titers of pure strains (the minimum number of other strains) of Bradyrhizobium japonikum and Rhizobium leguminosarum, which were selected from all regions of Ukraine , - notes Yevhen Kozhukhar -Risoline-r is used together with the Risosave-r protector (1:1), which allows seed treatment 7 days before sowing."

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Winter wheat

"Winter wheat was sown in optimal order after good predecessors - pure steam, the breeding season was good, so today it is in good condition," says Alexander Shmorgun, BTU-Center agronomist. Work of biofungicides should be noted separately: today, diseases affected only lower tier, the main tiers are clean, or with a minimum threshold of harmfulness."

Table No. 3. Program of growing winter wheat (Poliska 90 variety, NPF Semagro LLC)

Stages

1st, or pre-sowing cultivation

Seed treatment

Vegetation

After harvesting

1,0 l/ha Ecostern- Stubble decomposer

Vegetation restoration

Tillering

Leaf-tube formation

Spikes

 

biofungicide

MikoHelp

2,0 l/ha

biofungicide

MikoHelp

2,0 l/ha

growth stimulator

Organic - Balance

0,5 l/ha

antimicrobial
preparation

PhitoHelp

0,6 l/h

antimicrobal

PhitoHelp

0,6 l/h

antimicrobal

PhitoHelp

0,6 l/ha

biofertelizer

Groundfix

5,0 l/ha

growth stimulator

Organic - Balance

1,0 l/t

biofertelizer

Azotophit-r

0,2 l/h

growth stimulator

Organic - Balance

0,5 l/ha

growth stimulator

Organic - Balance

0,5 l/ha

bioinsecticide

Bittoxibacillin-BTU

7,0 l/ha

bioadhesive

Enposam

0,5 l/ha

biofertelizer

HELPROST-
seed

1,0 l/t

bioadhesive

Enposam

0,3 l/h

biofertelizer

HELPROST - grains

1,0 l/ha

biofertelizer

HELPROST - grains

1,0 l/ha

bioadhesive

Enposam

0,3 l/ha

bioadhesive

Enposam

0,3 l/ha

bioadhesive

Enposam

0,3 l/ha

bioadhesive

Enposam

0,3 l/ha

Total cost = 2000 UAH/ha

Bio-preparations of the 3rd stage of the BTU-Center program can be divided into two categories. The first group includes such products as PhytoHelp, Organic-Balance, Azotofit-r, HELPFROST. They promote the emergence of strong immunity in plants, stimulate their growth and development, provide unneeded elements, increase resistance to stress and help to survive stress, fight bacterial diseases and have a generally positive effect on the crop quality.

The second group is represented by bioinsecticides created on the basis of bacteria that destroy harmful insects in different stages of development, without causing resistance. For example, the biotype Bittoxibacillin-BTU-r, based on bacterial spores, endo-and exotoxins of Bacillus thuringiensis bacteria. (Titre 1.0 x 109 CFU/cm3) controls the meadow and corn butterflies and scoops in crops of grains and legumes etc.

Spring wheat

"The harsh weather conditions, in particular recent freezes, initially prevented good crop development. However, today the plants have come out of stress, and vegetation goes well: the normal condition and development of crops, - says Yevhen Kozhukhar. - The action of bio-preparations is well visible on the root system. As we see: it is well-branched, well-developed lateral roots, and most importantly - due to bio-preparations, thin hairs were formed on the roots, with which the plant absorbs moisture and nutrients better."

Table No. 4. Program of growing spring wheat (Simkoda Mironivska variety, Mironovsky Institute of Wheat named after V.M. Remesla, NAAS)

Stages

1st, or pre-sowing cultivation

Seed treatment

Vegetation

After harvesting

1,0 l/ha Ecostern- Stubble decomposer

Vegetation restoration

Tillering

Leaf-tube formation

Spikes

 

biofungicide

MikoHelp

2,0 l/ha

biofungicide

MikoHelp

2,0 l/ha

growth stimulator

Organic - Balance

0,5 l/ha

antimicrobial
preparation

PhitoHelp

0,6 l/h

antimicrobal

PhitoHelp

0,6 l/h

antimicrobal

PhitoHelp

0,6 l/ha

biofertelizer

Groundfix

5,0 l/ha

growth stimulator

Organic - Balance

1,0 l/t

biofertelizer

Azotophit-r

0,2 l/h

growth stimulator

Organic - Balance

0,5 l/ha

growth stimulator

Organic - Balance

0,5 l/ha

bioinsecticide

Bittoxibacillin-BTU

7,0 l/ha

bioadhesive

Enposam

0,5 l/ha

biofertelizer

HELPROST-
seed

1,0 l/t

bioadhesive

Enposam

0,3 l/h

biofertelizer

HELPROST - grains

1,0 l/ha

biofertelizer

HELPROST - grains

1,0 l/ha

bioadhesive

Enposam

0,3 l/ha

bioadhesive

Enposam

0,3 l/ha

bioadhesive

Enposam

0,3 l/ha

bioadhesive

Enposam

0,3 l/ha

Total cost = 2000 UAH/ha

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After the harvesting, the last stage of the BTU-Center program begins: for rapid decomposition, the poppy remains are processed by the Ecostern bio-decomposer. This operation provides three key advantages: accelerated decomposition of the residues, the return of useful elements from them to the soil, and the reduction of the phytotoxicity of the field, since for many pathogens of diseases (in particular, fusariosis), plant remains are living environments (without it they die ) Ecostern is attractive also because bacteria and micromycetes in it are capable of forming spores or polysaccharides that protect them from overheating, drying and cooling and generally improve decontamination. This saves the efficiency of Ecostern for lack of moisture.

Conclusions

What crop yield and class will be given by the crops grown under BTU-Center programs? And most importantly - will these complex solutions become cost-effective? The answers to these other questions will be given in the following numbers of Agrobusiness Today.

In any case, the main value of bio-preparations, and even more so of complex programs, is that systemic application can significantly improve the soil, increase its fertility, improve the structure, etc. This is a key advantage behind which there are healthy plants, and bigger and more qualitative crops, and finally healthier future.